The following is a listing and short description of all the methods and their history for folding lettering and graphics into the visible edges of a book.
After several attempts to draw directly on the book block, Dominik Meißner
started drawing the objects on graph paper and then transferring them to the book. Both are very inaccurate so he created the first graphic pattern using a simple graphics program.
As a computer scientist, it was obvious for him to have the graphic pattern created via a computer program. So the first Orimoto®
program version was created in 2001. This version had only two input fields.
- Last page number and
- Graphic file
The program could only draw lines on the graphic.
Further improvements of the first Orimoto® Program version
The first official Orimoto®
Program available over the internet was still quite small with 600 program lines and four files.
The enhanced Orimoto®
program version was released to the public in 2013 with regard of the book "Wir Lieben Papier
After several requests, the measurement method was included in the Orimoto program in 2014. It probably comes from the English-speaking countries, since it was only used there at that time. Since the measuring method outputs the interruptions of an object on a book page with position/values in a table, the interrupted graphic method was included in the Orimoto®
program at the same time.
The basic difference between the English measuring method and the measuring method in the Orimoto®
program is that in the English measuring method individual letters are folded into words in a book. That is, a fixed number of book leaves are required per character. If the leaves of the book are not enough it is cut up and a second one is glued on or, conversely, excess leaves are separated out. In the Orimoto®
measurement method, which is derived from the Orimoto®
graphic method, the desired word is adjusted to the specific book or book leaf number. Another difference is that the English measurement pattern has a numbering by book sheet (1, 2, 3, 4, ...) and the Orimoto®
measurement pattern has a numbering by pagination (1, 3, 5, 7, ...). See also "180° folding" below.
Until 2015, there was only the folding type "45° only fold (MMF)
". Each book leaf was provided with one or two dog-ears. Per book leaf here is always only one interruption visible and foldable. It was not yet cut in the strict sense. The complete book block has already been cut in the middle so that two lines can be folded, but this cutting is like folding two small books that are then stacked on top of each other. This cutting creates a visible cut edge that is often concealed by a ribbon or other decorative objects.
On Jan. 28, 2015, the first "Lazy Folding
" was published by Mrs. Anja Schachtner. In this folding method, only every second page of the book is folded. The name "lazy" came out of fun, it was actually about making a gift quickly. In German it is called "Faule Faltung".
In order to fold several interruptions on a book page, the folding type "45° cutting (MMCF)" was developed by Dominik Meißner
. With this type of folding, a central cut is made between two interruptions. Thus, several dog-ears are possible on one book page. The Orimoto®
program was expanded at the same time to include this type of folding.
Two weeks after posting the fold type "45° cutting" in the Orimoto®
program, Mrs. Anja Schachtner did not cut in the middle between the interruptions but the interruptions themselves and folded them 180° around. This is how the folding type "180° cutting" was created. Here in the paw the M still in combination with the classic Orimoto®
folding 45 degrees without cutting.
Since Mrs. Anja Schachtner
at that time folded and decorated all book objects for the book "Orimoto Faltkunst für Bücherfreunde
" by order, this folding style was still included in the book at short notice. In the Orimoto®
program, the template was already included as a graphic method, but was newly included as a measuring method as well.
The first Kirimoto book published only with the "180° cutting" folding method, "B", by Anja Schachtner
was so well received on the social network at the end of August 2015 that this folding method was copied out of the Orimoto®
program by other folders and competitor programs.
The "180° cutting" was also used to produce books with different cutting depths.
The folding type "90° cutting
" was published in the Orimoto®
program. The idea for it exists since August 2015 but the programming implementation and the description for it took some more time. (Photo and folding by P. Schröder)
The fold type "180° one-sided cut
" was already included in the Orimoto program in December 2015, but only now activated and presented. In the course of this, a further 21 folding types were introduced, which can be derived from the existing ones.
All three book block edges can be used for the folding type "180° cut". The first "3 page book" was presented by Mrs. Anja Schachtner.
In 2014, books were also folded using the top and front book block edges, but this required two pattern. (Photo www.lichtpunkt.cc)
The first folding type with an "oblique fold" was published by Dominik Meißner
on the social network at the end of August 2017. This was then quickly followed by the "double oblique fold" by Mrs. Anja Schachtner at the beginning of September 2017.
Double folding to create two book page edges from one book page edge was invented by Dominik Meißner
. On the one hand, this allows double the number of book leaf edges (pages) to be created from thin books with few pages, and on the other hand, it creates a different look (photo and folding by Anja Schachtner). The simple folding is the 180° fold.
The Orimoto patterns were used to transfer the colours of the graphics onto the edges of the book sheets with coloured pencil. This method of painting on the edge of the book block is called (Fore-edge Painting)
and the oldest known printed work using a book-edge painting is from 1649.
A simple method was presented by Dominik Meißner in February 2021. The patterns from the Orimoto programme are cut into strips, folded in the middle and glued to the front edge of the book leaf. This is not
a new folding method, as the book is not folded or cut, but only the pattern from the Orimoto programme.
In February 2022, the Orimoto program was changed to the extent that the width of the strips on the pattern can be increased. The strips no longer need to be glued, they are inserted into the pre-folded book.
In the style of the glued strips presented in February 2021, the two-sides book was created. This type is also called multi-image pictures or lenticular lens. The production of multi-image pictures with wooden slats was first described in 1636 by M. Danielem Schwenterum from Nuremberg in the book "Deliciæ physico-mathematicæ"
. From paper strips, a three-page image was first mentioned in 1661 by Thomas Powell of London in the book "Humane Industry"
The finished book shows two different images depending on the direction you look at it. It comes into its own best when walking past the book. The pattern from the Orimoto program are used and processed just like the pattern strip version of February 2021. This is also no
new folding type since here not the book is folded or cut but only the pattern from the Orimoto program.